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Monday, July 27, 2020 | History

3 edition of Investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils found in the catalog.

Investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils

A. J. Andersen

Investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils

by A. J. Andersen

  • 46 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by (Gjellerups Boghandel) in Copenhagen .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plants -- Radioactive contamination.,
  • Plants, Effect of strontium on.,
  • Cesium.,
  • Soils, Radioactive substances in.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: v. 1, p. 13; v. 2, p. 19.

    Statementby A. J. Andersen.
    SeriesRisö report,, no. 170, 174, Risö report ;, no. 170, etc.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQC770 .D4 no. 170, etc.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5673802M
    LC Control Number68135756

    Towards sustainable land use Dr. P. Folstar, Member of the TNO Board of Management Dr. M. Popp, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Research Centre Karlsruhe (FZK) Ten years ago, in , TNO initiated the First Conference on Contaminated Soil in Utrecht. At that time, a rather complete inventory. Koki Takaki, Andrew J. Wade, Chris D. Collins, Assessment of Plant Uptake Models Used in Exposure Assessment Tools for Soils Contaminated with Organic Pollutants, Environmental Science & Technology, /esx, 48, 20, (), ().

    Interpretive Summary: Radionuclide contamination of soils poses serious problems to both human health and agriculture in the U.S. Soils have become contaminated with radionuclides as a result of above ground nuclear testing, accidental release or nuclear energy generation. Cs and 90Sr are long-lived by-products of nuclear fission. Although. Robert Scott Russell of the Agricultural Research Council, Radiobiological Laboratory, England, wrote an interesting paper called "The Extent and Consequences of the Uptake by Plants of Radioactive Nuclides" which was published in the Annual Review of Plant Physiology.

    Some highly toxic elements like lead and cadmium cannot be distinguished from essential nutrients by the nutrient uptake systems in the plant root, which means that in contaminated soils, toxic. Arsenic (As) finds its way into soils used for rice (Oryza sativa) cultivation through polluted irrigation water, and through historic contamination with As-based pesticides. As is known to be present as a number of chemical species in such soils, so we wished to investigate how these species were accumulated by rice. As species found in soil solution from a greenhouse experiment where rice.


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Investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils by A. J. Andersen Download PDF EPUB FB2

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils. Influence of plant species and soil types on the uptake of radioactive strontium and caesium'.

Together they form a unique fingerprint. andersen, a j. investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils. influence of plant species and soil types on the uptake of radioactive strontium and caesium.

denmark: n. November, Riso Report No. Investigations on the Plant Uptake of Fission Products from Contaminated Soils.

Influence of Plant Species and Soil Types on the Uptake of Radioactive Strontium and Caesium by A,J. Andersen The Danish Atomic Energy Commission Research EstablishmentRIBG.

Agricultural Research Department Abstract Results of pot experiments on the uptake of radioactive Sr and Cs by different plant species.

The plant uptake of Sr/sup 9//sup 0/ and Cs/sup 1//sup 3//sup 7/ was unaltered by chelate applications to the contaminated soil.

{INFLUENCE OF CHELATES ON THE AVAILIBILITY OF FISSION PRODUCTS TO PLANTS GROWN IN A CONTAMINATED SOIL}, author (Pb)-contaminated soils that removes soil Pb through plant uptake and harvest, may be enhanced by.

Plant uptake data from a number of laboratory and field studies are analyzed for consistency. The general agreement between plant uptake data and model concepts illustrates utility of the model for interpreting plant/crop contamination data and for selecting proper plantings for bioremediation of contaminated soils and groundwater.

Andersen AJ () Investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils. Influence of plant species and soil types on the uptake of radioactive strontium and cesium. ReportRiso National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark Google Scholar.

Taking into account both fission and corrosion products, 10–20 years after the reactor shutdown the most abundant radionuclides in contamination residues generally include 3 H, 60 Co, 55 Fe, and Cs, whereas in the period 20–30 years, 63 Ni, Cs, 60 Co, and 90 Sr generally prevail. Metals enter into the human food chain through plant uptake and thus cause human health problems.

Different techniques are used for the safe use of metal-contaminated soils. Growing plants to remediate metal-contaminated soils (phytoremediation) is a good technique for soils with low to moderate levels of metal contamination.

The accumulation of radionuclides in soils and their impacts on plants in the nearby areas need to be investigated. The current chapter discusses the knowledge gained after several investigations.

Flooding treatment enhanced the uptake of all these fission products by rice plants in the laterite soil whereas this effect was observed only for Sb and Cs in the black soil. The plant uptake of activation products from the two soil types showed maximum accumulation of. Author(s): Andersen,A J Title(s): Investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils.

Country of Publication: Denmark Publisher: Risö. But soils can get contaminated during housing construction. Petroleum products from the construction vehicles can leak.

Paint may spill. Fibers from roofing products can blow down and disrupt life in soil. These are just a few examples of construction contamination of soils on home sites.

Its uptake by plant roots is therefore very low compared to cesium or strontium. In addition, up to 99% of the total ruthenium content absorbed by the plants is retained by the root system, and only a very small amount is accumulated in the aerial mass.

Of the fission products, Ru is among the least available for uptake by plants. Abstract This book focuses on the mechanistic (microscopic) understanding of radionuclide uptake by plants in contaminated soils and potential use of phytoremediation.

The key features concern. Investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils. Influence of plant species and soil types on the uptake of radioactive strontium and caesium. In this connection, maps of contaminated soils, in conjunction with soil maps that show their agrochemical properties and EFFICIENCY OF AGRICULTURAL COUNTERMEASURES 83 TABLE 3 Caesium transfer coefficient from turf-podsol, sandy soil to different varieties of grain (Bq/kg plant)/(kBq/m2 soil), a ~.

An investigation into the influence of formal and informal green space management on carbon fluxes and heavy metal concentrations in urban soils was carried out in Manchester (UK) finding that carbon storage in soils of collectively managed urban green commons ( ± kg C m −2) was significantly greater than at formally managed sites.

Investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils. Influence of plant species and soil types on the uptake of radioactive strontium and caesium.

By Arna Jacob Andersen. Download PDF (1 MB) Topics: Risø-R The uptake of trace elements by wild herbaceous plants in a multiple trace element-contaminated site was investigated.

The bioaccumulation factor (BF) of trace elements was markedly variable among the different plant species. On average, the BF for various trace elements was in the following decreasing order: Zn > Cu > Mn > Ni > As >; Pb > Cr. Andersen AJ () Investigations on the plant uptake of fission products from contaminated soils.

Risø Rep Barber DA () Influence of soil organic matter on the entry of caesiums into plants. This book focuses on the mechanistic (microscopic) understanding of radionuclide uptake by plants in contaminated soils and potential use of phytoremediation.

The key features concern radionuclide toxicity in plants, how the radioactive materials are absorbed by plants, and how the plants cope with the toxic responses.Recently, phytoextraction, the use of plants to extract toxic metals from contaminated soils, has emerged as a cost-effective, environment-friendly cleanup alternative.

In this paper, we review the processes and mechanisms that allow plants to remove metals from contaminated soils and discuss the effects of agronomic practices on these processes. The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) in caused massive contaminations of the Japanese land surface and the Pacific Ocean with mainly volatile fission products.